Two centuries before George Washington or Simon Bolivar dreamed of liberation from European tyranny, there were Africans in the Americas who had fought for and won their independence. Throughout the New World, enslaved Africans resisted their subjugation in a variety of ways, from quiet acts of sabotage to armed uprisings. Many escaped into the forests where they reclaimed their freedom and started communities of their own. The Spanish called these fugitives from slavery “cimarrones,” from the Taino term for ?flight of an arrow.?